Have you ever noticed how easy it is to grow green beans (and the other similar types of beans) in your garden? Generally, this is one of the main reasons that green beans, snap beans, and string beans are chosen by both veteran gardeners and beginners as a staple in their vegetable gardens. However, just because growing beans is easy, doesn't mean that you won't have to work at it a little. In order to get the best possible results from your beans, make sure that you follow these simple guidelines.
- Light. Beans require a lot of light, so make sure that you are planted somewhere that they can receive full sunlight. This means that they should receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight everyday during their growing season.
- Watering. Beans typically require watering each day, but it needs to be done carefully. The reason for this is that beans, for the most part, are only planted about one inch into the ground. If you overwater the plants too much, then you can end up washing away the soil and exposing the roots. The best bet for watering your growing beans is to use a slow seep system. An inexpensive method is to take a water hose, place a few holes in it, and turn the water on a low setting.
- Soil requirements. To get the best possible results, your beans should be planted in a nice, dark rich soil that has pH rating of between 6.0 and 6.2. Do not allow the soil to become too compacted, and that it is a nice loose soil. Preferably, you should plant in a soil that has moderate drainage.
- Mulching. The best way that you can protect your young beans, and ensure that they are protected from weeds, while also keeping their shallow roots moist, is to use some mulching. Place a layer of mulch that is between one inch and two inches deep around the plants. This will help to retain the moisture throughout the heat of the day, and prevent weeds from growing near the plants.
- Pests. Unfortunately, beans are fairly susceptible to some pests. The most common pests that you will need to worry about are aphids and slugs. Keep an eye out for any infestations, and deal with them appropriately. The two most common diseases that beans are susceptible to are Angular Leaf Spot (indicative of over watering) and a bacterial blight called Anthracnose. The first can generally be treated with by correctly watering your beans, and using a fungicide; while the second can be treated by using a mixture of 1 tablespoon baking soda, 2-1/2 tablespoons vegetable oil, 1 gallon water, and 1 teaspoon of dish soap. Mix thoroughly, and spritz on your plants using a spray bottle.